Caesalpinia sappan L.: Comprehensive Review on Seed Source Variation and Storability  

N. Mariappan , S. Krishnakumar , S. Ramesh Kumar , K. Krishna Surendar
Vanavarayar Institute of Agriculture, Manakkadavu, Pollachi -642103, India
Author    Correspondence author
Plant Gene and Trait, 2014, Vol. 5, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/pgt.2014.05.0002
Received: 03 Sep., 2013    Accepted: 06 Dec., 2013    Published: 04 Jan., 2014
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This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Mariappan, 2014, Caesalpinia sappan L: Comprehensive Review on Seed Source Variation and Storability, Plant Gene and Trait, Vol.5, No.2 11-21 (doi: 10.5376/pgt.2014.05.0002)

Abstract

Caesalpinia sappan is widely used in traditional medicine and chemical investigation resulted in the isolation of novel and interesting phytochemicals possessing potent biological properties. The most successful tree improvement programme is that where proper seed sources were used. The loss from using the wrong sources can be great and even disastrous. Caesalpinia sappan is commonly propagated through seeds. The present review discusses the seed source variation and increase the seed longevity in suitable storage techniques. The wood Caesalpinia sappan has already proved export quality of natural dye and it has the potential to become a drug to enter into the world market due to its interesting biological effects and vast folklore uses is worth that might provide a rich natural resources. In future, more basic research is needed to elucidate the mechanism to appraise the better seed source variations and seed storage behaviuor and techniques in Caesalpinia sappan.

Keywords
Caesalpinia sappan L.; Seed source; Variation; Storage
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