Research Article

Gene Action, Combining Ability, Genetic Expression of Heterosis and Characterization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotypes for Quality Traits  

R.S. Sran , D.P. Pandey , N.  Kumar
1. Department of Crop Improvement, CSK Himachal Pradesh KrishiVishvavidyalaya, Palampur-176062, India
2. Rice and Wheat Research Centre, Malan, Himachal Pradesh, India
Author    Correspondence author
Rice Genomics and Genetics, 2016, Vol. 7, No. 5   doi: 10.5376/rgg.2016.07.0005
Received: 25 Apr., 2016    Accepted: 05 Jun., 2016    Published: 04 Jul., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Sran S.R., Pandey D.P., and Kumar N., 2016, Gene action, combining ability, genetic expression of heterosis and characterization of rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes for quality traits, Rice Genomics and Genetics, 7(5): 1-9 (doi: 10.5376/rgg.2016.07.0005)

Abstract

Present investigation was conducted to estimate the per se performance, combining ability and heterosis for grain quality traits in rice using line × tester mating design. Analysis of variance with respect to crosses revealed significant differences for all the traits studied. GCA and SCA results revealed the predominance of SCA variance in relation to GCA variance for all the traits. For aroma, twenty one cross combinations were identified having slight to moderate aroma. Among lines, investigation of highest gca effects illustrated that HPR 2858, HPR 2761, HPR 2754, HPR 2668 and HPR 2748 (P) were good general combiners for different quality traits. Among the testers, HPR 2216 exhibited maximum gca effects for protein content, amylose content and gel consistency while Pusa Basmati 1509 was good combiner for gelatinization temperature. Further, cross combinations HPR 2748 (W) × HPR 2216, HPR 2755 × Kasturi, HPR 2761 × Pusa Basmati 1509 and HPR 2748 (P) × Pusa Basmati 1509 were identified as best specific combination for different grain quality traits. Cross combinations HPR 2748 (W) × HPR 2216, HPR 2761 × HPR 2216, HPR 2748 (P) × Pusa Basmati 1509 showed high degree of heterosis over standard check for different quality parameters.

Keywords
Rice; Grain quality; per se performance; Gene action; Combining ability; Heterosis
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