Characterization and Mapping of Rice Mutants, des2 and des5  

Shengbo He1* , Wei He2* , Hongqi Chen3 , Xudong Zhu3 , Jun Yang2 , Xiaohe Hu2 , Da Luo1,2
1 School of Life Science and Biotechnology, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, 200030; 2 National Key Laboratory of Plant Molecular Genetics, Institute of Plant Physiology and Ecology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai, 200032; 3 China National Rice Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Hangzhou, 310006
Author    Correspondence author
Rice Genomics and Genetics, 2010, Vol. 1, No. 1   doi: 10.5376/rgg.2010.01.0001
Received: 10 Aug., 2010    Accepted: 02 Sep., 2010    Published: 08 Oct., 2010
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This article was first published in the Genomics and Applied Biology (Regular Print Version), and here was authorized to redistribute under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

He et al., 2009, Characterization and Mapping of Rice Mutants, des2 and des5, Genomics and Applied Biology, 28(1): 1-9

Abstract

Identification of key regulator genes in the control of spikelet development in panicle, one of the main agronomic traits to determine rice yield, is important to investigate the underlying molecular mechanism and provide the molecular basis for analysis of the agronomic traits. In this study, we have identified a group of mutants with conspicuous reduction of spikelet number, which are designated decreased spikelets (des). Two of the des mutants, des2 and des5, were analyzed in detail. We showed that a single recessive locus was responsible for des2 phenotype, which is located on the long arm of chromosome 6. The des2 locus was cloned and it was found that des2 is a new allele of moc1. Positional cloning and sequence analysis showed that there is a point mutation in the HLH domain-encoding region of LAX gene in des5, indicating that des5 is a new allele of lax. Our data indicate that spikelet development is regulated by the same pathway in the control of development of axillary branches in rice.

Keywords
Rice mutants; des2; des5; Characterization; Mapping
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