Synthetic Seed of Rice: An Emerging Avenue of Applied Biotechnology  

Bidhan Roy , Surje Dinesh  Tulsiram
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Regional Research Station, Terai Zone, Uttar Banga Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Pundibari, Cooch Behar 736165, West Bengal, India;
Author    Correspondence author
Rice Genomics and Genetics, 2013, Vol. 4, No. 4   doi: 10.5376/rgg.2013.04.0004
Received: 15 Jul., 2013    Accepted: 21 Aug., 2013    Published: 20 Sep., 2013
© 2013 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:
Roy and Tulsiram, 2013, Synthetic Seed of Rice: An Emerging Avenue of Applied Biotechnology, Rice Genomics and Genetics, Vol.4, No.4, 14-27 (doi:10.5376/rgg.2013.04.0004)
Abstract

Progress in plant biotechnological research has opened many avenues for basic and applied research in the field of crop plants. Plant tissue culture is an important component of biotechnology, involves in the improvement of crops. Plant tissue culture led to develop synthetic seed technology. Synthetic seed technology is an exciting and rapidly growing area of research in plant cell and tissue culture. This technology is currently considered as the most effective and efficient alternative technique for propagation. The base materials for production of synthetic seeds are somatic embryos or tissue culture derived materials. This technology also facilitates the way of handling cells and tissues, protecting them from external gradients, short-term and long-term storage under low temperature and ultra-low temperature, respectively and as an efficient system of delivery. The information in the areas of synthetic seed preparation technology, its implications, achievements and limitations are lying unorganized in different articles of journals and edited books and that information were presented in this article in organized way with up-to-date citations, which will provide comprehensive literatures of recent advances.

Keywords
Rice; Synthetic seed; Mass multiplication; Plant conservation
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