A new research conducted by the Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (IoPPN) at King’s College London has shed new light on the relative risks of vaping and smoking. According to the research, opting for vaping products with top vape flavours instead of traditional cigarettes can lead to a substantial reduction in exposure to toxicants that are known to contribute to cancer, lung disease, and cardiovascular disease. This comprehensive study, which was commissioned by the Office for Health Improvement and Disparities in …Read More
In the late 90s, scientists discovered that glucosinolates caused Brussels sprouts to taste bitter. The researchers began trials to improve the taste of sprouts by growing old seeds. They worked to identify the varieties with low levels of glucosinolates. By crossbreeding the flavorful species with other varieties, they developed a breed that produced delicious sprouts. This turned the unpopular vegetable into a popular side dish.
However, this has not been achieved with other vegetables. This might have something to do with the fact that breeding decisions focus on what is important to growers, not consumers.
Researchers are wondering about the mysterious ways by which AI models like ChatGPT perform complex tasks. They are handling tasks that are beyond their training. These models seem to have internal representations of the real world, just like the human brain. These capabilities have surprised researchers. They are saying AI is already challenging their assumptions.
Some AI models like ChatGPT lack certain computational elements that are generally inherent in computers. They can play games, execute code, and even disrupt relationships.
OpenAI, the company that released GPT, acknowledges that the model is not capable of running…
Chromatin is folded into compartments, loops, and domains. It has two types of compartments; A and B. The A compartment has active genes and the B compartment silenced genes. The two are separate.
However, infected lung cells show a mingling of the compartments. These genes are activated in response to viral infection. This could explain why infected patients release fewer interferons than in other viral infections.
The infected cells have depleted cohesin proteins. This results in loosely folded domains that are not activated. This is a manipulation that may make the virus interfere with cellular defenses.
The impact of synonymous mutations in cancer has been overlooked for a long time. However, recent research shows their significance in various biological processes.
One way in which these mutations have an effect is by altering regulatory proteins to DNA. The amino acid remains unchanged but these mutations can disrupt the specific sequences required for accurate interactions.
Synonymous mutations impact splicing patterns by binding sites for the splicing proteins. This alteration can lead to the omission of critical DNA segments. In a severe form of cancer, a mutation was found to interfere with the splicing.
Scientists are actively considering the factors that cause autoimmune disorders. They want to understand the immune responses involved.
So far, they have figured that there is PTPN22 which regulates T-cell response. However, the R620W mutation prevents this response from reaching a point where it can interact with other proteins. To investigate the impact of this, researchers have introduced a variant into mice. They have observed increased T-cell activation. Interestingly, T cells carrying the R620W variant in humans displayed the opposite response.
In a recent study, researchers shed light on these conflicting results. They…
The declining global population might alleviate the strain that is currently caused by eight billion people. However, there are claims from economists that the decline in birth rates spells doom. This is because it may lead to fewer workers and consumers who are necessary for fueling economic growth.
You see, every individual requires food, water, energy, and shelter. If our goal is to enhance the quality of life, the demands per person will rise, even in a sustainable development scenario.
The loss of biodiversity is a tragedy that can be attributed to a high global population. A world without enough wildlife in the coming …
If you’re aiming for a healthier lifestyle, you might think of trying 10,000 steps a day. However, this concept is not rooted in scientific evidence.
In the 60s, a Japanese company developed an early pedometer and named it the “10,000-step meter”. Since then, the idea of taking 10,000 steps daily has gained much recognition.
Recent research has shed light on the effects of step count. The optimal number of steps varies depending on age. For individuals under 60, it is 8,000 to 10,000 steps a day. On the other hand, those over 60 need 6,000 to 8,000 steps daily.
Studies are still ongoing. They are …
Seattle’s population has been growing over the past decade. Luckily, the city has managed to tackle the accompanying traffic problem. This has seen a reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by 10 percent. The solution was found in an unexpected place – buses. While they are overlooked as a means to decarbonize transportation, they are quite effective.
Research supports electric vehicles as a means of decarbonization. However, vehicle electrification alone is not sufficient to meet the right goals. A 2020 analysis warns that if the U.S. were to replace all gas cars with EVs, it would put a strain on the country’s …
New research conducted by the U.S. Geological Survey’s Yellowstone Volcano Observatory shows that the last big eruption at Yellowstone Volcano was not a single massive explosion. It was a series of eruptions that expelled volcanic material rapidly.
The findings indicate that the formation of the Yellowstone Caldera was more complex than we thought. Yellowstone is one of the largest volcanos in the world. It is situated above a hot spot in the Earth’s mantle.
Over the past 3 million years, Yellowstone has experienced three eruptions. These eruptions were characterized by the expulsion of huge amounts of lava …