Research Article

Evaluation of in vivo Antioxidant Potential of the Aerial Parts of Aerva lanata Linn Juss in Streptozotocin Induced Oxidative Stress Rats  

Rajesh R.1 , Chitra K.2 , Padmaa M. Paarakh3
1. Acharya & B.M. Reddy College of Pharmacy, Soldevanahalli, Bangalore-560 107, Karnataka, India
2. Faculty of Pharmacy, Sri Ramachandra University, Porur, Chennai- 600 116, Tamil Nadu, India
3. The Oxford College of Pharmacy, Hongasandra, Bangalore- 560 068, Karnataka, India
Author    Correspondence author
Medicinal Plant Research, 2016, Vol. 6, No. 2   doi: 10.5376/mpr.2016.06.0002
Received: 11 Jan., 2016    Accepted: 13 Jan., 2016    Published: 13 Jan., 2016
© 2016 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Rajesh R., Chitra K., and Padmaa M.P., 2016, Evaluation of in vivo antioxidant potential of the aerial parts of Aerva lanata Linn Juss in streptozotocin induced oxidative stress rats, Medicinal Plant Research, 6(2): 1-10 (doi: 10.5376/mpr.2016.06.0002)

Abstract
To evaluate the invivo antioxidant activities of methanol (MEAL) and aqueous extracts (AEAL) of aerial parts of Aerva lanata Linn Juss in streptozotocin induced oxidative stress rats which are used in the folklore system for the treatment of diabetes mellitus in India. Rats were divided into seven groups of six rats (n=6) each. Group 1 served as vehicle control using normal saline (0.9 % w/v NaCl), Group 2 served as diabetic control, Group 3 served as standard treated with 0.5 mg/kg of glibenclamide, Group 4 and 5 was treated with MEAL 200 and 400 mg/ kg, p.o., Group 6 and 7 was treated with AEAL 200 and 400 mg/kg, p.o. Phenolic content, antioxidant enzymes, liver glycogen and lipid peroxidation were evaluated and compared with diabetic control. MEAL (400 mg/kg) showed significant increase in the protein, catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), reduced glutathione (GSH), hexokinase and liver glycogen levels (p<0.01) than AEAL when compared with diabetic control. The MEAL at the dose of 400 mg/kg showed significant decrease in thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) levels, Glucose 6-phosphatase (G6-pase), Fructose 1,6 biphosphatase (FD-pase). Thus, these results scientifically that confirm that MEAL at the higher dose may effectively normalize the various disorders caused by free radicals and other chemical substances due to the presence of secondary metabolites that exert antioxidant activity.
Keywords
Aerva lanata; Oxidative stress; Streptozotocin; Diabetes; Lipid peroxidation
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