Crop Improvement: New Approaches and Modern Techniques
Muhammad Islam Khan
Centre for Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore, 87 W Canal Bank Road, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore-53700, Pakistan
Plant Gene and Trait, 2017, Vol. 8, No. 3 doi: 10.5376/pgt.2017.08.0003
Received: 16 Dec., 2016 Accepted: 13 Feb., 2017 Published: 03 Mar., 2017
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Preferred citation for this article:
Rashid B., Tariq M., Khalid A., Shams F., Ali Q., Ashraf F., Ghaffar I., Khan M.I., Rehman R., and Husnain T., 2017, Crop improvement: new approaches and modern techniques, Plant Gene and Trait, 8(3): 18-30 (doi: 10.5376/pgt.2017.08.0003)
With the increasing volume of world, population there is relative increased demand of food. Conventional breeding methods no more remain viable to overcome this situation. The field of biotechnology and molecular biology revolutionize the agriculture and farming methods. In this review we discus some molecular approaches and biotechnology tools for the production of new plant varieties. Plants resistant to biotic and biotic stress tolerant to drought or other harsh environmental conditions had produced. A number of techniques including tissue culture mutagenesis, transformation have been used. Advance functional genomics studies give better understanding of plant genome and help in modifying it. RNA interference, next generation sequencing and nanotechnology have become a new promising technique for improving crop according to future need.
Crop improvement; Conventional breeding; Molecular approaches; Biotechnology; Biotic; Abiotic stress