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Crop Improvement: New Approaches and Modern Techniques | Rashid | Plant Gene and Trait

Research Article

Crop Improvement: New Approaches and Modern Techniques  

Bushra Rashid , Muhammad Tariq , Aleena Khalid , Faiza Shams , Qurban Ali , Fareeha Ashraf , Iqra Ghaffar , Muhammad Islam Khan , Raima Rehman , Tayyab Husnain
Centre for Excellence in Molecular Biology, University of the Punjab Lahore, 87 W Canal Bank Road, Thokar Niaz Baig, Lahore-53700, Pakistan
Author    Correspondence author
Plant Gene and Trait, 2017, Vol. 8, No. 3   doi: 10.5376/pgt.2017.08.0003
Received: 16 Dec., 2016    Accepted: 13 Feb., 2017    Published: 03 Mar., 2017
© 2017 BioPublisher Publishing Platform
This is an open access article published under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Preferred citation for this article:

Rashid B., Tariq M., Khalid A., Shams F., Ali Q., Ashraf F., Ghaffar I., Khan M.I., Rehman R., and Husnain T., 2017, Crop improvement: new approaches and modern techniques, Plant Gene and Trait, 8(3): 18-30 (doi: 10.5376/pgt.2017.08.0003)

Abstract

With the increasing volume of world, population there is relative increased demand of food. Conventional breeding methods no more remain viable to overcome this situation. The field of biotechnology and molecular biology revolutionize the agriculture and farming methods. In this review we discus some molecular approaches and biotechnology tools for the production of new plant varieties. Plants resistant to biotic and biotic stress tolerant to drought or other harsh environmental conditions had produced. A number of techniques including tissue culture mutagenesis, transformation have been used. Advance functional genomics studies give better understanding of plant genome and help in modifying it. RNA interference, next generation sequencing and nanotechnology have become a new promising technique for improving crop according to future need.

Keywords
Crop improvement; Conventional breeding; Molecular approaches; Biotechnology; Biotic; Abiotic stress
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. Bushra Rashid
. Muhammad Tariq
. Aleena Khalid
. Faiza Shams
. Qurban Ali
. Fareeha Ashraf
. Iqra Ghaffar
. Muhammad Islam Khan
. Raima Rehman
. Tayyab Husnain
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